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Posts Tagged ‘trade show labor’

10 Questions about Trade Show Labor

June 3rd, 2024 COMMENTS
Questions about Trade Show Labor

On May 21, 2024, Jim Wurm from the Exhibitor Appointed Contractor Association (EACA) presented a webinar on the State of the Labor Industry particularly as it relates to the production of trade shows and events. Jim was joined by Bill Muller from Nth Degree. The webinar was hosted by EDPA Northwest.

To watch the webinar on YouTube, click HERE. Below are 10 Questions and Answers about Trade Show Labor in 2024.

#1. Why does our industry need/require unions?

The trade show and event industry relies on a standby workforce that’s needed to move events in and out of our convention venues. Labor unions provide a ready source to fulfill that need.

#2. Who decides which unions work in which venues?

Labor jurisdictions are determined by the owner of the venue in question. The great majority of our convention venues are owned by the state or the city in its respective locale. And, while there are right-to-work states where a worker doesn’t have to be a union member to perform the described work, there are even venues in right-to-work states that have established union jurisdictions (e.g. McCormick Place). A complete list of union jurisdictions can be found on the EACA website..

#3. How do show rates get established?

Show rates are established by the General Service Contractor after approval by show management. EAC labor contractors can adopt the “show rate” for their own pricing but most establish their own labor rates city by city.

#4. What’s the difference between GC and EAC labor?

Exhibitor Appointed Labor Contractor

GCs have many sources of revenue from the variety of services they provide. The GC views show management as their primary client, and as such, the most experienced and skilled labor is assigned to work on show management jobs. The labor provided by the GC for display I&D is primarily assigned on a “next man up” basis. As a result, the labor provided to an exhibitor to set up their booth may have never seen the exhibitor display previously and may or may not have the necessary tools for the job. And the crew the exhibitor is provided on the installation can be completely different on the dismantle.

EAC labor is different. Since EACs only have one source of revenue, their labor solution is provided to tailor the service option to the exhibitor client needs. Exhibit design is often reviewed prior to the show so that the EAC can provide a crew that is appropriate for the work required. The EAC will also generally provide a specific “lead” to have supervisory responsibility for the job. This is done to make sure the rest of the crew is working efficiently and effectively.

With larger or more complicated jobs, the EACs may be requested to not only review display design but also to issue a “not to exceed” estimate for set-up and tear down. And as a matter of common practice, EAC labor contractors routinely make sure that the same crew that installs the display takes it down and repacks it.

#5. How does one join a union?

Any individual of age 18 with either a high school diploma or GED can join a union. An application is required along with an application fee. At many locals, a pre-employment drug test will be required.

#6. What’s the difference between a journeyman and apprentice?

Just as the terms imply, an apprentice is a union worker in training and a journeyman is an experienced union worker that has fulfilled all training requirements.  Apprenticeship training includes 2000 hours of classroom and on the job work.

#7. What is a grievance?

Contractors that employ union workers negotiate and sign collective bargaining agreements with local unions. If the contractor breaches that agreement in some fashion, the local union can file a grievance that typically involves a monetary component to resolve.

#8. What do I do if I don’t like an individual on my crew?

Any exhibitor or display supervisor that has a concern or issue with a member of their crew can request a change from their contractor. Change requests should be made privately with the appropriate supervisor.

#9. What work can my shop supervisor do in a union venue?

Unless they are a member of the local union with jurisdiction, the only thing a supervisor can do during move-in and move-out is to provide direction, answer questions, and provide suggestions on the best and most efficient way to complete the work. The shop supervisor should first identify who is the “lead” in the job and communicate primarily with that individual to maximize efficiency.

#10. Why does my shop supervisor have to register as an EAC?

Labor at a Trade Show

As a means of managing the risk of being responsible for everything that happens in a venue during their tenancy, show management requires that all who enter the construction zone during move-in and move-out, known as the show floor, provide a current copy of their company’s Certificate of Insurance (COI). 

Understanding that there is risk of personal injury or possible damage to the venue or the exhibitor’s displays or products, show management doesn’t want to be held responsible for the negligent acts of others. Show management obtains COIs from their GC and all their exhibitors as a matter of course as they contract with them.

But they don’t know which EAC service providers are being hired by their individual exhibitors. That is the purpose of the EAC notification form.

The EAC Notification form pertains to any product or service provider that needs or wants to enter the show floor.

Some shop supervisors have presumed they could utilize their client’s or their labor company’s COI as adequate coverage for themselves. But just like you aren’t covered in an auto accident with someone else’s insurance, you’re not covered by your client or your labor company if you should be injured on the show floor. And show management doesn’t want to be liable as well.

Jim Wurm

Jim Wurm began his career in the trade show industry more than 35 years ago and has worked almost every job in a convention center from the loading dock to the main entry. 

He has played a role in designing, building, shipping and setting up trade show booths as well as launching and organizing trade shows throughout the U.S. and Europe.  Most recently, Jim has utilized his unique trade show experience for the development and management of the Exhibitor Appointed Contractor Association, better known as EACA.

How to Tame Your Trade Show Costs (and Still Be Wildly Successful)

July 15th, 2021 COMMENTS

Guest Post by Max Maxwell and Jay Menashe from EDE Corp

Large Island Exhibit

What Do Trade Shows and New York City have in Common?

Bright lights, crowded walkways, excitement. Oh, and both get expensive quickly if you aren’t paying attention!

Nowadays, with months of planning, you can save big bucks with a little bit of help when traveling to expensive cities. There also must be a way to avoid the sticker shock of a trade show, too, right? How can you save money while making an impact and enjoying an event?

Knowing your way around like a local might just make your next trade show as easy and cost-effective as booking an NYC vacation.

Next Stop, a Healthy Budget

Healthy Budget

If you’ve ever asked a New Yorker how to navigate the subway (here’s a handy guide in case you’re interested), their answer likely made your head spin. Uptown, downtown, express trains, lines with numbers, lines with letters; it’s a lot to take in.

Trade shows can be the same. However, just like the subway, once you get the lay of the land, you can easily get from point a to point b.

Let’s take a look at a few of the stops that can make you feel stranded on the trade show train.


One of the most common mistakes when planning a trade show is not knowing the difference between material handling and shipping. Shipping is the process of getting freight to a show location or advanced warehouse. Material handling is the process of getting the freight from a loading dock to your booth, storing your crate, and returning it during move out. And let’s not forget special handling; stacked shipments save space, but you get hit big time with material handling fees. So, while it seems like shipping and material handling should be a single process, it’s not. Most people aren’t aware of what happens with crates and skids once they’re pulled off the show floor ─ out of sight, out of mind.

Shipping is handled by your shipping company (i.e., UPS Freight, Sho-Air, FedEx Ground). Material handling is controlled by the General Services Contractor (GSC). Each has its own costs. For this post, we’re talking about what happens once freight is in the hands of the GSC.

Freight at a Trade Show

Freight is measured in CWTs. Have you ever heard that outside of a trade show? Probably not. Essentially 1cwt = 100 lbs. So, if your booth weighs 800 lbs. you will be charged for 8 CWTs (don’t get us started on what happens if your booth weighs 849 lbs!) The charges per CWT are a whole different story and are based on several factors, including freight classification. However, there are multiple freight classifications. Crated is the most common (i.e., freight neatly wrapped on a standard pallet or in a crate.) Special handling (oddly shaped items or items not on a pallet) and small package (usually solo packages under 75 lbs.)

Generally, you’ll have the choice of sending items directly to the show site (host facility) or to the advanced warehouse (location operated by the GSC). There are advantages and disadvantages to both.

Show site is typically less expensive because there is less movement of the materials. But, if a shipping company misses dates, you could be left without an exhibit. On the other hand, the advanced warehouse costs slightly more because they have to store it (normally you’ll get 30 days included) and move it around (onto a truck to take to show site), but you have the security of making sure your freight arrives in time.

Insider Tip: Combine shipments and make sure they’re in a self-contained crate or shrink wrapped on a standard pallet. Avoid sending materials, like flooring, which may be awkward to store or manage, and stay away from sending a series of small items that will be charged on a per-package basis. You should also talk to your other partners about any shipments they are sending. Make sure they have step-by-step instructions on how to send shipments to avoid excess charges.

Installation and Dismantle Labor (I&D)

Probably the second biggest trade show planning mistake comes to scheduling labor. Always ─ and we mean always ─ know your location. As soon as the destination is revealed, call your exhibit partner and start your research. Unions in every city operate differently, so you’ll want to understand these key takeaways:

  • When are straight time (ST), overtime (OT) and double time (DT)?
  • What is the minimum hourly charge (most unions require you to pay a worker for a minimum of 4-hours even if they don’t work that long.)
  • What constitutes a crew (typically applies to riggers or electricians who may operate machinery that requires a spotter.)
  • How many unions are on the floor? What services does each one offer?  (i.e., booth set up, electrical, freight, rigging, etc.)

Installation and Dismantle at Trade Shows

These last questions can save you A LOT of grief. We cannot tell you how many times we’ve witnessed exhibitors complaining that a laborer was unhelpful. Consider the possibility they cannot help, rather than they don’t want to help. Union workers will not cross jurisdictions — doing the work of another union can result in fines and infractions for that worker. There is a common misperception that this doesn’t apply in right-to-work states. Unfortunately, that term is not fully understood despite being thrown around loosely in the industry.

Right-to-work means forcing union membership on a worker is illegal and a violation of their individual rights. We’re not going to debate the merits for, or against, right-to-work, but consider this: Nevada is a right-to-work state, and Las Vegas is the #1 trade show destination in the country. Meaning anyone willing to work a show floor is allowed to, regardless of whether they have been to a trade show or know how to operate the equipment.

Any section on I&D wouldn’t be complete without mentioning I&D supervision. This is another grey area that can blow your budget as quickly as NYC taxicab. Supervised labor gives authorization for your exhibit structure to be built, even if you’re not on-site. You roll in an hour before the show starts, and the booth is ready. Sounds awesome, right? Honestly, it is pretty awesome, but awesome comes with a price; generally, a 30% markup on top of what you’re already paying. This isn’t just for the construction of the booth; it’s for all services related to the booth ─ electricians, riggers and anyone else. We’ll stop there and let you do the math.

Insider Tip: Always do your labor homework! Unions can be tricky, so lean on your exhibit partner to help you. They’ve likely worked in these cities before or will have resources to get the correct information. Your partner should also help you accurately estimate the labor needed and advise whether you should opt for supervision. And, in some cases, your partner contract might include on-site supervision.

Additional Show Services

Trade Show Budget Busters

Hold on to your wallet. Here are other services you should watch and plan accordingly.

  • Lighting – You would assume when you order lights it comes with power. Not necessarily. Generally, if you require additional lighting for a booth, make sure to ask for everything you need; extension cords, the correct outlet and WHO plugs it in (the person installing the light may not be the person allowed to plug it in.)
  • Electrical – When you order an outlet it’s typically dropped in a single location. If your booth demands power in more than one location, you will need to order electrical labor to distribute the outlets throughout the space. You’ll also be asked whether you want the power under the carpet (ideal) or on top of the carpet and taped down.
  • Catering – Having food or beverages in your booth seems an attractive way to lure in attendees, but it can be tricky. Catering is generally offered through an exclusive partner of the facility. Because they’re not subject to competition, the rates can be hard to swallow (pun intended!)  

General Considerations

Balancing Your Trade Show Budget

While these may not directly impact your budget, they are things that lend to an ideal trade show experience.

  • ALWAYS arm the people on-site with the name of the shipping company, their customer service number and all tracking numbers. Make sure they know how it was shipped (name of the carrier) and where it was shipped (advanced warehouse or directly to show site.)
  • If anything is shipped from outside the United States, make sure enough time is left to clear customs, and routinely track any packages.
  • Watch deadlines — from graphics approvals to hanging sign plans, deadlines can catch up with you. Nearly everyone has a surcharge for missing a deadline, so make sure to mark your calendar accordingly.
  • Pay attention to your bill from the General Services Contractor and other show providers. There’s a lot going on and mistakes happen. You will always have better success getting them corrected while at the show. After the show… it’s out of sight/site, out of mind for everyone involved.

Get Your Trade Show CityPass

When visiting New York, you can pick up a CityPASS. It gets you discounted entry at top attractions, helping to stretch travel funds. Heading to another big city, see if they offer something similar! If you’re going to travel to fun places, you should take advantage.

Planning a trade show exhibit isn’t all that different than a CityPASS. With a little advanced research and knowing how you can save on top trade show attractions, your budget stays on track, and you make the best of your trade show experience.

About EDE

EDE is a family-owned, exhibit agency. EDE designs with intention and impact to create personalized solutions for trade shows, environments, and events. For more information:

Video | The Truth about Trade Show Labor

February 26th, 2015 3 COMMENTS

What You Need to Know about Trade Show Labor

Kudos to the folks at TS Crew, an EAC labor contractor, for this insightful video about trade show labor. The message is spot-on for trade show professionals, exhibit managers, and ALL NEWBIES to the world of trade shows and exhibitions in North America.


Well done, Chris Griffin and TS Crew!

After you watch the video, I encourage you to read and print the following (also from Chris Griffin). This should be handed to every exhibitor as you give them the keys to their new display.

30 Things That Conspire to Destroy Your Beautiful Trade Show Exhibit

–Mel White


Based in Portland, Oregon, Classic Exhibits Inc. designs and manufacturers portable, modular, and custom-hybrid exhibit solutions. Classic Exhibits products are represented by an extensive distributor network in North America and in select International markets. For more information, contact us at 866-652-2100 or